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Leslie teaches primarily undergraduate courses at PSU, including Global Health and Consumer Health. She is the pilot program coordinator for PSU’s BUILD EXITO program, an undergraduate research training program that supports students on their pathway to becoming scientific researchers.
Her own research focuses on conservation medicine and on zoonotic (from nonhuman animals to humans) disease transmission. Conservation medicine strives to understand the interaction among human health, environmental changes and the health of nonhuman species. She was a co-investigator on the Bighorn Sheep Disease project, examining disease dynamics of pneumonia in bighorn sheep. She has researched and written about several bat viruses transmissible to humans and sampled livestock in Nepal for bovine brucellosis and tuberculosis, surveying farmers about their understanding of these diseases.
Leslie was a regular contributor to Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment for many years. She has published in Orion, Open Spaces, Conservation Magazine, and other places.
B.A., Princeton University
M.F.A., University of Iowa Writers’ Workshop
D.V.M., Tufts University Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine
- 2010-2015: Co-Principal Investigator on a two-year study entitled “Connectivity, Isolation, and Disease Dynamics: Trade-offs in Recovering Bighorn Sheep Populations study”; this work is funded by the Morris Animal Foundation. This funding was renewed in 2012.
- 2008-2010: Co-Principal Investigator on two-year study entitled “Climate Change, Wildlife Corridors, and Health Consequences in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and Northern Rockies”; work funded by the New York Community Trust.
- 2006: Participated in collaborative research project, sponsored by the East-West Center and funded by a NIH Roadmap Research Teams of the Future grant, on development of transdisciplinary approaches to investigation of emerging diseases and social-ecological systems (lead author on published paper).
Gary Brodowicz has been a faculty member at PSU for the past 30 years. He teaches at both the undergraduate and graduate levels and also advises M.S./M.A. Health Studies graduate students undertaking thesis and project work related to exercise, fitness, physical activity and sports medicine.
After earning his bachelor’s degree from the University of Michigan, Brodowicz worked for three years as an elementary school physical education teacher in Romeo, Michigan. His interest in exercise physiology took him to Wake Forest University where he earned his master’s degree, then Ohio State University, where he earned his Ph.D. Throughout his career, Brodowicz’s scholarly and teaching interests have included topics related to exercise, fitness, physical activity, and measurement. He is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and a member of the American Physiological Association.
BS.Ed., University of Michigan, 1977
M.A., Wake Forest University, 1981
Ph.D., The Ohio State University, 1986
Awards and Honors
- 2006, Certificate of Appreciation, American Association of University Professors
- 2005, Certificate of Appreciation, American Association of University Professors
- 1999, Award for Service, American Association of University Professors
- 1991, Fellow, American College of Sports Medicine
- 1989, The Art Broten Young Scholar Award
- Oregon Center for Aging & Technology Pilot Grant (Crespo, Carlos J.)(2008-9) Measurement of physical activity in older adults: Comparison of heart rate and accelerometry, Role: Co-Investigator
- Northwest Health Foundation (Ojeda, Lila )(2003) Pedometer-Derived Physical Activity Levels Among Overweight and Normal Weight Female Nurses, Role: Co-Investigator
- PSU Faculty Support and Development Program (Brodowicz, Gary) (2000) Body CompositionAssessment,
- Role: Principal Investigator
- PSU Faculty Development Program(Brodowicz, Gary) (1997-8) Discipline-Specific Software Development in Public Health Education, Role: Principal Investigator
- PSU Faculty Development Program (Svoboda, Milan)(1993-94) Measurement of Daily Activity I: Validity and Reliability of Pedometers during Intentional Walking/Jogging, Role: Co-Investigator
Paula Carder is an associate professor with the School of Public Health and a researcher with PSU Institute on Aging.
Her research focuses on socio-cultural aspects of housing and long-term care for older persons and adults with disabilities. Her research also explores the relationship between state regulatory requirements and daily practices associated with medication administration and staffing in assisted living and dementia care facilities. She conducts a state-wide survey of assisted living, memory care,and adult foster homes for the Oregon Department of Human Services. She also was the lead evaluator of a recent Oregon Health Authority-sponsored program to coordinate health and housing services for low-income residents of 11 publicly-subsidized apartment buildings.
Carder also has mentored students in the BUILD EXITO program, an undergraduate research training program at PSU that supports students on their pathway to become scientific researchers.
B.S., West Virginia University, 1987
M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1990
Ph.D., Portland State University, 1999
Awards and Honors
- 2014, Best Research Paper, Seniors Housing and Care Journal
- 2013, Anselm Strauss Award, Honorable Mention, Qualitative Health Research
- 2014, Visiting International Fellow in Research Methods, University of Surrey, Guildford, England
- 2013, Fellow, Gerontological Society of America
- Oregon Department of Human Services, 2016-18 Oregon Community-Based Care Survey, Role: Principal Investigator
- CareOregon, 2016-18 Evaluation, LiveWell Care Homes Role: Principal Investigator
- Oregon Health Authority, 2014-16 Evaluation, Housing with Services demonstration, Role: Principal Investigator
- Oregon Department of Human Services, 2014-16 Oregon Community-Based Care Survey, Role: Principal Investigator
- OHSU/NIDA, 2013 HEARTH, community-based participatory research with Central City Concern, Role: Investigator
- Cedar Sinai Park/Enterprise Foundation, 2012 Community Needs Assessment, Role: Principal Investigator
- Northwest Health Foundation, 2012 Staffing Needs for Housing with Services, Role: Principal Investigator
- Portland Housing Authority, 2011-12 Strategies to Support Aging in Place, Role: Principal Investigator
Ms. Coates is returning to Portland State University after receiving her Masters in Public Health in 2005 and serving as an undergraduate adjunct instructor in the School of Community Health from 2003 to 2011. She is a lifelong Portland resident and revels in all that the Pacific Northwest has to offer. Ms. Coates is currently employed as the Operations and Community Outreach Manager at Molly’s Fund Fighting Lupus. She also teaches math at NW Academy. Ms. Coates also donates her time as the Board Vice President for the Oregon Foundation for Reproductive Health and the Ambassador Board Chair at the Oregon & SW Washington Affiliate of Susan G. Komen for the Cure. Ms. Coates is specifically interested in examining the intersectionality of low education attainment and poor health outcomes, specifically in students of color. She hopes to create policy-level interventions that provide tangible, meaningful strategies for improving these key social determinants of health.
Melinda Davis is the director of community engaged research for the Oregon Rural Practice-based Research Network, research assistant professor in the OHSU School of Medicine’s Department of Family Medicine and assistant professor in the School of Public Health.
Davis, who was raised in the Columbia River Gorge, currently co-leads the Community Health Advocacy and Research Alliance, a community-academic collaboration based in the Gorge with a mission to “identify, develop, and conduct health research to answer questions that matter here.” She has over 10 years of experience working with patient, community and health system partners to identify and address health disparities in rural and underserved settings. She has a strong commitment to improving access to care and reducing rural health disparities.
Davis is currently conducting mixed-methods research to understand regional variation in colorectal cancer screening and to identify and implement evidence-based interventions to improve screening rates in rural and underserved settings.
B.A., Biology/Environmental Studies, Whitman College, 2002
M.A., Experimental Psychology, University of Vermont, 2006
Ph.D., Social-Developmental Experimental Psychology, University of Vermont, 2010
Awards and Honors
- 2016, Emerging Leader Award, Oregon Public Health Association
- 2009, George W. Albee Graduate Student Award in Community Psychology, University of Vermont Psychology Department
- 2002, Phi Beta Kappa, Whitman College
- 2002, Sigma Xi, Whitman College
- Participatory Research to Advance Colon Cancer Prevention (PI: Gloria Coronado). National Institute of Minority and Health Disparities, 10/1/2016 – 9/30/2021, Role: Co-Investigator/Site PI.
- Assessing the Potential for a State Medicaid Reform Model to Reduce Disparities (PI: K. John McConnell). National Institute of Minority and Health Disparities, 9/1/2016 – 8/31/2021, Role: Co-Investigator
- Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network (CPCRN) – Colorectal Cancer Screening Evidence-based Intervention Modeling Cross-Center Workgroup (PI: Stephanie Wheeler). Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 10/1/2015 – 09/29/2016, Role: Site-PI.
- Oregon Patient Centered Outcomes Research (PCOR) K12 Program (PI: Melinda M. Davis). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 10/15/2014 – 7/31/2017.
- Evaluation of the Oregon Colorectal Cancer Screening Project (PI: Melinda Davis). Oregon Health Authority, DHS Department of Human Services, 11/1/2016 – 7/31/2020.
- Connecting Research and Real Life: Building a Network in the Columbia River Gorge Part III (PIs: Melinda Davis and Kristen Dillon). Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), 8/1/2016 – 7/31/2017.
- Sustainable Relationships for Community Health (SRCH) Evaluation (PIs: Melinda Davis and Adrienne Zell). Oregon Health Authority, DHS Department of Human Services, 7/1/2016 – 8/31/2017.
- Organized Approaches to Colorectal Cancer Screening (Melinda Davis and Gloria Coronado). Oregon Health Authority, DHS Department of Human Services, 4/1/2016 – 12/31/2016.
- Collaboration for Healthy Oregon Through Systematic Evaluation (CHOOSE). (PIs: John McConnell and Lyle J. Fagnan). Oregon Health Authority, DHS Department of Human Services, 2/10/2016 – 2/09/2018, Role: Co-Investigator (Qualitative and Stakeholder Engagement Lead).
- Disparities in CRC Screening: A Mixed-Methods Multi-Level Study of Oregon’s Medicaid Population (Melinda Davis and Cynthia Mojica). Knight Cancer Institute, 1/1/2016 – 12/31/2016.
Alexis Dinno is an associate professor of Community Health at the School of Public Health. She teaches graduate courses in epidemiology, social epidemiology, environmental health and biostatistics, among others. Her broad areas of interest include social epidemiology, social ecology and quantitative modeling.
Dinno’s doctoral dissertation research unpacked relationships between urban residential property abandonment and elderly experiences of depression in New Haven, Conn., using both multilevel modeling techniques and loop analyses of causal feedback. Before coming to PSU, Dinno was an adjunct professor at California State University East Bay, where she taught epidemiology to graduate and undergraduate students and developed new methods in applied multivariate statistics.
In addition to her work in community health, Dinno is an avid practitioner of Capoeira, a Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics and music.
B.A., University of California at Berkeley, 1996
M.P.H., Yale School of Public Health, 2000
M.E.M., Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, 2000
Sc.D., Harvard School of Public Health
- Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Evaluating media messaging on childhood obesity to inform advocacy on a Culture of Health (Collaborator—statistician; Project Directors Lawrence Wallack and Liana Winett). Award: $309,090. Awarded (Summer 2014)
- Kaiser Permanente, Northwest Region Community Partnership Support. Dignity Village/Right 2 Dream Too Respiratory Health Study. (PI; Peter Geissert Co-Investigator). Award: $1,830. Awarded (Summer 2014)
- United States Forest Service: Grant. Healthy Trees, Healthy People (Co-PI, with Vivek Shandas, Linda George and Todd Rosenstiel). Award: $250,000. Awarded (Summer, 2011)
- Oregon Department of Environmental Quality: Contract. Oregon Chemicals Policy and Management White Paper (Co-PI, with Professor Jennifer H. Allen). Award: $20,000. Awarded (Spring, 2011).
- NIH Loan Repayment Program Grant for Health Disparities Research. Vulnerabilities in Tobacco Control Policy.
Cara L. Eckhardt is an associate professor in the School of Public Health and director of the school’s Ph.D. program in Community Health. Eckhardt teaches the doctoral seminar in the Community Health Ph.D. program as well as two undergraduate courses – Introduction to Epidemiology and Global Health.
Eckhardt’s research focus is the prevention of childhood obesity. Her research has included projects investigating the impact of maternal nutrition during pregnancy on childhood obesity risk, elucidating how maternal nutrition during pregnancy might affect infant growth patterns and subsequent obesity risk, linking infant feeding practices to infant growth patterns, improving early screening methods for identifying children at risk for obesity and evaluating interventions to improve the diets of young children.
After earning her doctorate degree, Eckhardt was a post-doctoral fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington, D.C. She returned to Oregon in 2008 and joined the PSU faculty in 2009.
B.A., Cornell University, 1995
M.P.H., Emory University 1999
Ph.D., University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill, 2004
Awards and Honors
- 2016, Nick Norgan Award for Annals of Human Biology manuscript, Maternal vitamin D status and infant anthropometry in a US multi-centre cohort study, Eckhardt CL, Gernand AD, Roth DE, Bodnar LM, The Annals of Human Biology, 2015;42(3):215-22.
- 2011-2016, Outstanding Teacher of the Year nominee, PSU, for five years running
- 2003-2004, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Dissertation Completion Fellowship
- 2002, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of Nutrition Fellowship
- 2001, American Society of Nutritional Sciences NABISCO Predoctoral Fellowship Award
- R03 HD07584101A1 (ECKHARDT CL), NIH/NICHD, 2014-20106. Defining Infant Rapid Weight Gain to Best Predict Childhood Obesity. Role: Principal Investigator
- R01 NR014245 (BODNAR LM, HUTCHEON J), NIH/NINR, 2013-2017. Informing Evidence-based Maternal Weight Gain Guidelines for Twin Pregnancies. Role: Co-Investigator
- Meyer Memorial Trust Grant (IZUMI B), Meyer Memorial Trust, 2009-2015. Oregon farm-to-childcare for infants and toddlers. Role: Co-Investigator
- Kaiser Permanente Healthy Food Access Grant (IZUMI B), Kaiser Permanente, 2012-2013. Farm-to-Head Start: Increasing Children’s Access to Regionally Grown Fruits & Vegetables. Role: Co-Investigator
- R01 HD058061(STEVENS VJ), NIH/NICHD, 2010-2012. Weight Management for Improved Pregnancy Outcomes. Role: Funded via Administrative Supplement Grant under PA-08-191 for supplementary project: The Impact of Limiting Pregnancy Weight Gain Among Obese Mother
Debra Harris is a senior instructor II in the OHSU-PSU School of Public Health. Her areas of specialization are health education instructional strategies and techniques, child/youth health promotion program planning, school health, school physical education, youth/obesity, death/dying, and emotional abuse in the workplace. She also is an adjunct instructor in PSU’s Graduate School of Education, supervising teacher candidates in the area school health and physical education, and teaching the health and physical education methods courses. For the past four years, Deb has served as a visiting lecturer to the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh, where she teaches Death/Dying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace.
Deb is an native Portlander and has mentored hundreds of students in both school and public health in her four-decade career.
A.A., Central Oregon Community College, 1974
B.S., Southern Oregon University, 1976
M.S.T., PSU, 1978
M.S.T., PSU, 1982
Ph.D., University of New Mexico, 1998
Awards and Honors
- 2015, Top Professors in the College of Urban and Public Affairs
- 2002, National Health Professional of the Year (K-12) from the American Association of Health Education
- 1998, National Secondary Physical Education Teacher of the Year from the National Association for Sport and Physical Education
Betty Izumi is a registered dietitian and associate professor in the School of Public Health. Her research focuses on issues at the intersection of nutrition, sustainability and health equity. She uses a community-based participatory research approach to explore the question: Can diet quality and health be improved among underserved individuals in such a way that promotes vibrant and resilient local food systems?
She is the principal investigator for Harvest for Healthy Kids, a nutrition intervention developed in partnership with Mt. Hood Community College Head Start and Early Head Start. Harvest for Healthy Kids connects children in early care and education settings to local agriculture through classroom education, food service modification and family engagement. In 2016, Harvest for Healthy Kids was awarded the Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior Nutrition Education Program Impact Award.
B.S., University of British Columbia, 1998
M.P.H., University of California, Berkeley, 2000
R.D., University of California, Berkeley, 2001
Ph.D., Michigan State University, 2008
Awards and Honors
- 2017, Core Fulbright U.S. Scholar Program Award (Japan)
- 2016, Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior Mid-Career Professional Achievement Award
- 2016, Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior Nutrition Education Program Impact Award for Harvest for Healthy Kids
- 2013, Portland State University College of Urban and Public Affairs Craig Wollner Memorial Award for Outstanding Junior Faculty
- 2012, Portland State University Civic Engagement Award for Excellence in Community-based Research
Debbie Kaufman teaches Drug Education and Marketing Public Health in both campus and online formats, and has also developed and taught courses on other drug topics. She was a part of an Oregon Health Authority Marijuana Rules Advisory Committee in 2015-2016, and she partners regularly with various organizations and agencies, including the Multnomah County Health Department, on projects where her students have the opportunity to contribute to and learn about local public health efforts. She also participates in county prevention efforts – particularly focused on youth – for tobacco, marijuana and other drugs. In 2014, she was a Multnomah County Public Health Hero nominee.
Prior to coming to PSU and the School of Public Health, Debbie worked for 17 years in the non-profit community in Portland, including five years in statewide tobacco control advocacy efforts. She also managed the implementation of a Kellogg Foundation grant in support of school-based health care in Oregon.
B.A., University of Oregon, 1981
M.A., Portland State University, 1996
Yves Labissiere is a social psychologist who works to understand how race, identity, language, difference, power and privilege play a role in education and health systems. His aim is to develop strategies that heal and empower individuals and transform systems.
He has studied the health effects of gentrification and residential displacement on black men in Portland, and has worked on curriculum for Portland State University’s EXITO program, which works to build infrastructure to support underrepresented students interested in the health sciences. He works on a project with the Portland Police Bureau to test how positive police-community interactions might help address crime and build trust. He is also working on a new project with Portland police to better understand how police work with, or could better work with, mental health professionals when they encounter calls that involve people who may need mental health help.
B.A., Yale University, 1987
Ph.D., University of California, 1996
- 2014-2017. National Institutes of Health Build: EXITO, Co-Investigator
- 2014-2016. Portland Police Bureau Neighborhood Involvement Locations (NI-Loc) Project: Community Assessment Survey, Portland (OR) Police Bureau, $150,000, Co-Principle Investigator.
- 2014 Oregon Gear Up: College Ahead Program Grant (CAP), $62,500, Co-Principle Investigator.
- 2014-2019. Oregon Gear Up: Mobilizing for College Partnership, $569,600, Co-Principle Investigator.
- 2014. Cambia Health Foundation: Creating Trust Infrastructure for Emerging Workforce (Community Health Workers) $250,000, Co-Principle Investigator.
- 2013. Oregon Community Compact AmeriCorps VISTA Grant–Portland State University– Roosevelt High School, Co-principle Investigator.
- Department of Health and Human Services—President Faith Based Initiative–Compassion Capital Fund Research Program, Comparing Faith Based and Community based treatment services among Latino Immigrants and African-Americans in Miami (2002-2004), $210,662 Co-Principle Investigator.
- Faculty Development Grant–PSU Foundation–Portland State University–Understanding the effects of gentrification and Health $9,000, Co-Principle Investigator.
Jost Lottes directs the Senior Adult Learning Center, PSU’s lifelong learning program, which enrolls over 2,000 senior citizens. He also serves as evaluator for the Oregon Geriatric Education Consortium, Life by Design Northwest, and the Comprehensive Geriatric Education Program. One of his recent research projects focused on valuation methods for informal elder care and the positive aspects of caregiving. Lottes teaches classes in social gerontology, economics of aging, organizational theory, and business and aging.
B.A., International Business, Reutlingen University, 1999
M.B.A, Portland State University, 2001
Ph.D., Urban Studies/Gerontology, Portland State University, 2004
Lynne Messer teaches across the educational spectrum, from undergraduate epidemiology, master’s level women’s health, masters and doctoral health and social inequalities, and doctoral research methods.
Her research explores the intersection of social-environmental justice and residential segregation in exacerbating maternal and child health disparities among vulnerable populations. Her early work focused on better characterizing the built and social environments for population-based epidemiologic disparities research. Her later work incorporated other non-social area-level exposures, including air pollution and environmental contaminants, for maternal and child health. In her current work, she seeks to integrate these related environmental factors with research on fetal development and intergenerational transmission to understand the potential for fetal priming to explain the persistence of health disparities among vulnerable subpopulations.
B.S., University of Oregon, Community Health, 1989
M.P.H., UNC-Chapel Hill, Health Behavior and Health Education, 1995
Ph.D., UNC-Chapel Hill, Epidemiology, 2005
Awards and Honors
- 2016, Dean’s Award for Scholarly Achievement-Junior Faculty
- 2004, Student paper prize, International Conference on Urban Health
- 2003, Student paper prize, International Conference on Urban Health
- 1999-2005, Royster Society of Fellows multiyear doctoral fellowship
- 1995, Delta Omega Society, Theta Chapter
- “Exploring social factors influencing pregnancy outcome disparities among Latinas” Principal Investigator: Lynne C. Messer Mechanism: R21; Project period: 04/01/20160-3/31/2018 Funding: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development
- “Taking responsible actions in life” Principal investigator: Barbara K Sheppard Role: Evaluation principal investigator Mechanism: 5-year evaluation grant Funding: Office of Adolescent Health; Duration: 07/01/2015-06/30/2020
- “Fetal priming for later-life disparities in allostatic load and heart disease – a data acquisition feasibility pilot” Principal investigator: Lynne C. Messer Funding: Portland State University faculty enhancement grant; Duration: 05/01/2015-04/30/2017
- “Girls on track” Principal investigator: Barbara K. Sheppard Role: Project evaluator Purpose: This project aims to impact region-wide social norms towards positive decision-making that will encourage students to avoid sexual risks. It will adopt a community-wide approach that targets students, parents, and school personnel and will incorporate three major components: sexual education, positive youth development, and parent-child connectedness. Funding: Health and Human Services Funds (evaluation only): $32,000; Duration: 1/1/2013-12/31/2015
- “Pathways to health and well-being: social networks of orphaned and abandoned children” Principal investigator: Lynne C. Messer Purpose: The proposed research sought to identify the composition and variance social network characteristics of OAC, including educational and employment-related supports; identify the sexual network composition and variance characteristics of OAC; and assess the association between the social network characteristics and health-related outcomes (education, income-generation) and between the sexual network characteristics and HIV-risk outcomes. Funding: National Institutes of Health Funds: $274,729; Duration: 04/01/2012 – 03/31/2014 (3/31/2015 – carryforward)
- “Positive outcomes for orphans” Principal investigator: Kathryn Whetten Role: Co-investigator Purpose: This study will continue to follow an existing cohort of more than 3,000 randomly selected orphaned and abandoned children over four years in six culturally diverse study sites in Cambodia, Ethiopia, India (Nagaland and Hyderabad), Kenya, and Tanzania. The objective of the study is to examine the influence of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and community level factors on behavioral relationship outcomes (HIV risk behaviors, reproductive health, and family formation) and achievement outcomes (continued education, income generating activities, and civic engagement). Funding: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development HIV/AIDS and Orphan Care Funds: $3,397,307; Duration: 09/01/2010 – 08/31/2015
- “Guide to Healing” Principal investigator: Evelyn Byrd Quinlivan Role: Co-investigator and project evaluator Purpose: This project will implement and evaluate a program of primary HIV nursing care to promote medical care engagement and health literacy, provides social support, psychiatric and addiction services on site and employs a nurse guide. Three main interventions will be delivered to HIV+ women of color: 1) rapid linking 2) strengths based counseling and 3) peer-co led supportive-information group with literacy, coping, life skills and social support modules delivered on-site or by phone. Funding: Health Resources and Services Administration Funds: $2,000,000; Duration: 09/01/2009 – 08/31/2014 (8/31/2015 carryforward)
- “Assessing correlated adverse birth outcomes: constructing a bivariate probit model for preterm birth / low birth weight and testing the psychosocial mediation of built environment effects” Principal investigator: Lynne C. Messer Purpose: Using prospective cohort data, Durham County birth records and parcel audit data, the proposed research will construct a bivariate probit model for combined PTB/LBW outcome; examine how neighborhood environments are associated with bivariate PTB/LBW; explore possible differential associations of psychosocial status and bivariate PTB/LBW; and test if maternal psychosocial status mediates the observed relationship between the built environment and the bivariate PTB/LBW outcome Funding: National Institutes of Health (NIH), Health Disparities, Loan Repayment Program Funds: up to $50,000; Duration: 08/01/2011 – 07/31/2013